HGG-33_Ranjithmenon Muraleedharan


Contact Presenter

Ranjithmenon Muraleedharan1, Collin Heer2, Ranjini Sundaram1, Charles Brenner3, Ranjith Bindra1

1Yale Universsity, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. 2University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. 3City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California, USA

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) are universally lethal pediatric brain tumors with limited treatment options. We recently performed synthetic lethal drug screen with a panel of DNA repair and metabolic inhibitors in vitro, in patient-derived DIPG cells and isogenic cell lines engineered to contain key DIPG-associated mutations. Nearly 80% of DIPGs harbor a recurrent H3K27M mutation in H3.3 (H3F3A) or H3.1 (HIST1H3B) histones. This has prompted us to consider H3K27M mutation-induced exploitable defects for a therapeutic gain. This screen identified synthetic lethal interactions between H3K27M mutations and the nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) inhibitor, FK866. The association between H3K27M mutations and NAMPTi sensitivity was validated in follow-up studies using isogenic WT and H3K27M-mutant expressing pairs of human immortalized astrocytes and neural progenitor cells (NPCs). In addition, we tested the effects of FK866 in a panel of unique DIPG patient-derived tumor neurospheres in short-term viability assays. We found that FK866 induced depletion of NAD and exhibited toxicity towards H3K27M mutant DIPG cell lines with an IC50 of ~2.5 nM. These findings were consistent across three structurally unique NAMPT inhibitors. Finally, we found that inducible expression of mutant H3K27M results in a gradual, 50% decrease in cellular NAD levels over the course of five days, suggesting that H3K27M mutations may induce an inherent NAD metabolic defect that is exploited by NAMPTi’s. We now seek to understand the mechanistic basis for the observed metabolic defect and NAMPTi sensitivity associated with mutant H3K27M. In addition, we aim to identify specific NAMPTi and DNA damaging agent combinations which maximally exploit this H3K27M-associated NAD metabolic defects.

Duration: 04:59

Posted: Sunday, June 6, 2021

Video tags: 2021 SNO Pediatric Meeting