HGG-26_John DeSisto


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John DeSisto1, Andrew Donson1, Rui Fu1, Bridget Sanford1, Kent Riemondy1, Adam Green1,2;

1University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO, USA. 2Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA

BACKGROUND: Pediatric high-grade glioma (PHGG) is a deadly childhood brain tumor that responds poorly to treatment. PHGG comprises two major subtypes: cortical tumors with wild-type H3K27 and diffuse midline gliomas (DMG) that occur in the midline and have characteristic H3K27M mutations. Cortical PHGG is heterogeneous with multiple molecular subtypes. In order to identify underlying commonalities in cortical PHGG that might lead to better treatment modalities, we performed molecular profiling, including single-cell RNA-Seq (scRNA-Seq), on PHGG samples from Children’s Hospital Colorado. METHODS: Nineteen cortical PHGG tumor samples, one DMG and one normal margin sample obtained at biopsy were disaggregated to isolate viable cells. Fifteen were glioblastomas (GBM), including five with epithelioid and/or giant cell features and five radiation-induced glioblastomas (RIG). There were also four non-GBM PHGG. We performed scRNA-Seq using 10X Genomics v.3 library preparation to enable capture of infiltrating immune cells. We also performed bulk RNA-Seq and DNA methylation profiling. RESULTS: After eliminating patient-specific and cell-cycle effects, RIG, epithelioid GBM, and other GBM each formed identifiable subgroups in bulk RNA-Seq and scRNA-Seq datasets. In the scRNA-Seq data, clusters with cells from multiple tumor samples included a PDGFRA-positive population expressing oligodendrocyte progenitor markers, astrocytic, mesenchymal and stemlike populations, macrophage/monocyte immune cells, and a smaller T-cell population. Analyses of DNA methylation data showed PDGFRA and CDK4 amplification and CDKN2A deletion are common alterations among PHGG. Inferred copy number variation analysis of the single-cell data confirmed that individual tumors include populations that both include and lack the molecular alterations identified in the methylation data. RNA velocity studies to define tumor cells of origin and further analyses of the immune cell populations are underway. CONCLUSIONS: Single-cell analysis of PHGG confirms a large degree of tumor heterogeneity but also shows that PHGG have stemlike, mesenchymal and immune cell populations with common characteristics.

Duration: 05:05

Posted: Sunday, June 6, 2021

Video tags: 2021 SNO Pediatric Meeting