SURG-08 - Ethan Srinivasan.mp4

Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy (LITT) versus Resection in the Treatment of Lesions In or Near the Primary Motor Cortex

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Ethan Srinivasan1, Emily Lerner1, Ryan Edwards1, David Huie2, Peter Fecci2

1Duke University School of Medicine, Durham/NC, USA. 2Duke University Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Durham/NC, USA

Introduction: Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) is a minimally-invasive treatment option for radiographically-progressive (RP) brain metastases. This study compares the functional outcomes of LITT vs resection (RS) for lesions in or near the primary motor cortex (PMC).

Methods: Retrospective review was performed of patients treated for PMC lesions by LITT or RS. Functional outcomes were graded relative to pre-treatment symptoms and categorized as improved, stable, or worsened at 30, 90, and 180 days post-LITT/RS.

Results: 36 patients were identified with median follow-up of 194 days (IQR 72-503), age 64 years (57-72), and estimated baseline KPS 80 (80-90). 35 (98%) had pre-treatment weakness or motor seizure; 15 (42%) received LITT and 21 (58%) RS; all RS were performed with intra-operative motor mapping while LITT were not. All LITT patients were treated for RP lesions (radiation necrosis (RN) or disease progression) vs. 24% of RS patients (p<0.01). LITT patients trended towards smaller lesions (1.9 cm vs 2.7 cm, p=0.03) and were more likely to show RN (67% vs 5%, p<0.01) and be discharged home (87% vs 52%, p=0.04), with shorter ICU (0 vs 1 day, p<0.01) and hospital stays (1 vs. 2 days, p<0.01). At 30 days, 89% of surviving patients who received RS had stable or improved symptoms, compared to 46% of the LITT cohort (p=0.02). At 90 days, the difference was 88% to 50% (p=0.07), and at 180 days 100% to 80% (p=0.2941).

Conclusion: In the short term (30 days), patients with PMC lesions have better functional outcomes when treated with RS compared to LITT, while those who survive to the 180-day timepoint experience similar outcomes. These differences are likely due to transient, expected post-LITT edema that subsides with time. Taken together, prognosis and patient priorities are important considerations in the decision between LITT and RS.

Duration: 04:07

Posted: Monday, August 9, 2021

Video tags: 3rd Annual Conference on Brain Metastases - Pre-Records