MLTI-06 - Enrique Gutierrez.mp4

Surgical resection plus stereotactic radiosurgery versus SRS alone for large brain metastases: a comparative study

Contact Presenter

Enrique Gutierrez1, Aristotelis Kalyvas1, Conrad Villafuerte1, Barbara-Ann Millar1, Tatiana Conrad1, Normand Laperriere1, Mark Bernstein2, Jessica Weiss1, Gelareh Zadeh2, Paul Kongkham2, David Shultz1

1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. 2Division of Neurosurgery, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Canada

Purpose: Large brain metastases (BRM) are challenging to manage. Therapeutic options include Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) or surgery (S) with adjuvant SRS. We sought to compare overall survival (OS), radionecrosis (RN), local failure (LF), pachymeningeal (PMD) and leptomeningeal (LMD) disease in patients treated with SRS vs. S+SRS.

Methods: We reviewed a prospective registry database from 2009 to 2020 and identified all patients with BRM (≥4cc in volume) treated with SRS or S+SRS. WBRT or SRS re-targeting the index lesion were censoring events. Survival percentages were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences between groups were tested using the Cox proportional hazards model.

Results: 383 patients were identified, 128 and 255 were treated with S+SRS and SRS, respectively. Median ages in the S+SRS and SRS groups were 62.2 (23.6-98.5) and 60.2 (20.2-97.4) (P 0.33). OS at 12 and 24 months was 69% and 41% vs 55% and 20% for the S+SRS and SRS groups, respectively hazard ratio (HR) 1.64 (1.23-2.18) (P<0.001). LF requiring salvage surgery at 12 and 24 months were 3% and 5% vs 8% and 10% for S+SRS and SRS groups, respectively (P 0.067). RN at 12 and 24 months were 9% and 17% vs 15% and 21% for S+SRS and SRS groups, respectively 1.32 HR (0.77-2.29) (P =0.32). PMD disease at 12 and 24 months were 16% and 21% vs 3% and 7% for S+SRS and SRS groups, respectively HR 0.26(0.12-0.56) (P < 0.001). LMD at 12 and 24 months were 4% and 6% vs 2% and 4% for S+SRS and SRS groups, respectively HR 0.73(0.25-2.17) (P 0.57).

Conclusion: Surgical resection plus SRS correlated with improved OS and a trend towards a decreased incidence of LF compared to SRS alone. However, patients treated with S experienced an increased incidence of PMD.

Duration: 04:53

Posted: Monday, August 9, 2021

Video tags: 3rd Annual Conference on Brain Metastases - Pre-Records